Otacilia Severa right facing portrait coin

OTACILIA SEVERA
wife of Philip I
Emperor of Rome AD 244 - 249
Antoninianus
Presentation

Otacilia Severa right facing coin portrait

Presented by
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MARCIA OTACILIA SEVERA, the daughter of Severus, Governor of Pannonia.  She married Philip I, the Arab, about AD 234, and bore their child, Marcus Julius Severus Philippus (Philip II) in AD 237.  Her husband was killed in battle in September of 249 and her son was killed shortly thereafter by the Praetorian Guard.  We are uncertain as to Otacilia's fate.  She was either killed with her son by the guardsmen or lived out her days in retirement.

<CLICK HERE for more information on Otacilia Severa>

Antoninianus is the modern name of the silver coin introduced by Caracalla at the end of 214 (its proper ancient name is unknown).  Although it weighed only about 50% more than a denarius the financially distressed government tariffed it at two denarii, which led to the disappearance of denarii about thirty years later. 

  <CLICK HERE for more information on the Antoninianus coin>

For a complete listing of known types, according to Seaby in "Roman Silver Coins" volume IV, and then adding Antioch variations found in Roger Bland's documentation, and lastly adding any specimens in this humble collection not found in either of the above, click here.

Recent Changes

24 February 2010 This common Concordia reverse issue has the distinction of an engraver error which reverses the "N" creating the legend "COCORDIA AVGG".  You can see the coin at RSC17v.

18 July 2008 - Added an interesting modern mule for Otacilia, this with the "AEQVITAS AVGG"  reverse.  This reverse die has been documented with multiple Gordian III obverses.  I have listed this as RSC0a(v).

19 November 2007 - Added my first Antioch mint Otacilia Severa.  Listed only in Bland (Bland 57), now I need to look for the other six that are listed!!

1 November 2007 - Added a nice fouree of the hybrid reverse of "SALVS AVG" (RSC72).

16 October 2007 - Corrected obverse legend for RSC #42a because coin actually omits the "L" on OTACI SEVERA.  Thank you to Ignasi Serrahima for noticing this error.

7 November 2006 - A previously unlisted hybrid with the late obverse legend and the early Concordia reverse with double cornucopia (RSC14v).

21 February 2006 - Added a modern fake denarius for reference.  These are showing up frequently on-line with differing reverses.  Do not be fooled.

1 July 2005 - Another local issue with an unusual obverse legend for the "IVNO CONSERVAT" (RSC20v) reverse brings us to 24 specimens.

If you have any suggestions or comments, please contact me at: ancientjim@ettuantiquities.com.

The attached 5 pages of Otacilia Severa contain pictures and attributions for silver coins minted during the reign of Philip I.  Attribution numbers are from "Roman Coins and their values" by David R Sear (1988), "Roman Silver Coins" volume IV by H. A. Seaby (1982), "The Handbook of Roman Imperial Coins" by David Van Meter (1991), and "The Roman Imperial Coinage" volume IV part III by Edward A. Sydenham and C. H. V. Sutherland (1949).  Scarcity ratings are directly from R.I.C. and may be outdated with the material currently being found from the Eastern mints.

PLEASE READ ---  There are many coins missing as these are only those coins actually in my personal collection.  I am always looking to expand my collection.  If you have a "reasonably priced" collectable condition antoninianus for Philip or his family not listed in these pages, please contact me at: ancientjim@ettuantiquities.com.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

>>>>>  PAGE 1  <<<<<

Sear #

RSC #

VM #

RIC #

Bust

Obverse Legend

Reverse Legend

Reverse Type

 0av  138vRight M  OTACIL SEVERA AVG AEQVETAS AVGGAequetas standing left; scales
 0av  138vRight MARCIA  OTACIL SEVERA AVG AEQVETAS AVGGAequetas standing left; scales
2625a4 1125(c)Right M OTACIL SEVERA AVG CONCORDIA AVGGConcordia seated left; 2 cornucopia
2625b4 1125(c)Right M OTACIL SEVERA AVG CONCORDIA AVGGConcordia seated left; 2 cornucopia; overstrike.
 2626 9  119(b)Right MARCIA OTACIL SEVERA AVG CONCORDIA AVGGConcordia seated left; 2 cornucopia
  14v  143vRight OTACIL SEVERA AVG CONCORDIA AVGGConcordia seated left; 2 cornucopia
 2627 163 129Right OTACIL SEVERA AVG CONCORDIA AVGGConcordia seated left; 1 cornucopia; plus altar
  173 126Right M OTACIL SEVERA AVG CONCORDIA AVGGConcordia seated left; 1 cornucopia; plus altar
  17v3v 126vRight M OTACIL SEVERA AVG COCORDIA AVGGConcordia seated left; 1 cornucopia; plus altar

>>>>>  PAGE 2  <<<<<

Sear #

RSC #

VM #

RIC #

Bust

Obverse Legend

Reverse Legend

Reverse Type

2628 205 127Right M OTACIL SEVERA AVG IVNO CONSERVATJuno, veiled, standing left
  20v   Right MARCIA OTACIL SEVERA AVG IVNO CONSERVATJuno, veiled, standing left
  216 128Right M OTACIL SEVERA AVG IVNO CONSERVATRIXJuno, veiled, standing left
      Right MARCIA OTACIL SEVERA AVG IVNO REGINAJuno, standing left; patera and scepter
      Right MARCIA OTACIL SEVERA AVG PANNONIAE The two Pannoniae, facing
 30 7120(b)Right MARCIA OTACIL SEVERA AVG PIETAS AVGPietas stg left, raising hand

>>>>>  PAGE 3  <<<<<

Sear #

RSC #

VM #

RIC #

Bust

Obverse Legend

Reverse Legend

Reverse Type

 34 8121Right MARCIA OTACIL SEVERA AVG PIETAS AVGPietas stg left, hand over altar
 37 9122(b)Right MARCIA OTACIL SEVERA AVG PIETAS AVGPietas stg left, hand over child
 2629 3910 115 Right OTACIL SEVERA AVG PIETAS AVGGPietas stg left, hand over altar, delta in field
2630 42a11 134Right MARC OTACI SEVERA AVG PIETAS AVG NPietas stg left, holding globe, hand over child
  42av   Right MARCIA OTACILIA SEVERA AVG PIETAS AVG NPietas stg left, holding globe, hand over child
  43a   130vRight OTACIL SEVERA AVG PIETAS AVGVSTAEPietas stg left, raising right hand high

>>>>>  PAGE 4  <<<<<

Sear #

RSC #

VM #

RIC #

Bust

Obverse Legend

Reverse Legend

Reverse Type

2631 43b12 130Right OTACIL SEVERA AVG PIETAS AVGVSTAEPietas stg left, raising right hand normal
     Right MARCIA OTACIL SEVERA AVG P M TR P COS P P Genius of the Senate standing.
     Right MARCIA OTACIL SEVERA AVG P M TR P II COS P P Philip seated left
     Right M OTACIL SEVERA AVG P M TR P IIII COS II P P Felicitas standing w/ caduceus
263253 13123(c)Right MARCIA OTACIL SEVERA AVG PVDICITIA AVG Pudicitia, veiled, seated left
  54a  128A / 145Right M OTACIL SEVERA AVG PVDICITIA AVG Pudicitia, veiled, seated left

>>>>>  PAGE 5  <<<<<

Sear #

RSC #

VM #

RIC #

Bust

Obverse Legend

Reverse Legend

Reverse Type

 2633 6314 116(b)Right OTACIL SEVERA AVG SAECVLARES AVGG Hippopotamus standing right, looking down
  6415 116(b) Right OTACIL SEVERA AVG SAECVLARES AVGG Hippopotamus standing right, looking up
  72  141Right M OTACIL SEVERA AVG SALVS AVG Salus, standing left, holding scepter and feeding snake coiled around altar

LINK TO PAGE:  1  2  3  4  5


Last updated: 21 February 2006

 

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